A User-Friendly Guide To Understanding Financial Terms

Guide To Understanding Financial Terms

Financial literacy is a must-have today, especially in a country with a sophisticated financial system like Australia. Whether you’re looking at the Sydney property market or planning your retirement, a basic understanding of financial terms can significantly benefit your decision-making process. Below is a breakdown of some key concepts:


Superannuation, or ‘super,’ is essential to the Australian financial landscape, acting as a retirement savings plan for employees. By law, employers must contribute a portion of your earnings into a super fund, which invests this money to grow it over time.

It’s one of the most significant financial assets Australians will accumulate, so understanding your super options and performance can affect your quality of life in retirement.

Stamp Duty And Mortgages

Stamp Duty And Mortgages

When purchasing property in Sydney, stamp duty is a tax levied by the New South Wales government based on the property’s sale price or assessed value. It’s a considerable expense for homebuyers and can impact your budget when buying a home.

A mortgage is essentially a loan used to purchase property. In Australia, homebuyers can choose between fixed-rate mortgages, where the interest rate stays the same for a certain period, and variable-rate mortgages, where the rate may change with the market. The choice impacts your repayments and the total interest paid over the life of the loan.

Investment Shares & Bonds: One Of The Basic Financial Terms

Understanding investment vehicles like shares and bonds is crucial for building wealth. Shares represent a stake in a business organization, and shareholders can benefit from dividends and capital growth if the company performs well. Conversely, they also share in the losses if the company’s value declines.

Bonds are generally considered less risky than shares. These are static-earnings investments.  There, you offer financial assistance to an organization (as a part of a loan)  in exchange for regular interest payments plus the return of the bond’s face value when it matures.

Understanding Taxes

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a flat 10% tax on most goods and services sold or consumed in Australia. For business owners in Sydney, understanding GST is critical as it affects pricing, accounting, and tax obligations. This is one of the financial terms that you must understand if you are running your own business.

Income tax is another unavoidable element in Australia’s financial framework. Your income level determines the rate at which you are taxed. It’s incremental, meaning that as you earn more, a higher percentage of tax is applied to your income brackets.

Personal Insurance

Personal Insurance

Insurance policies help protect against unexpected financial hardships. Health insurance, car insurance, and home insurance are common types individuals hold to mitigate risk. In Sydney, where healthcare and repair costs can be substantial, having adequate coverage can avert financial strain due to accidents, illness, or property damage.

Educational Loans Like Hecs-Help

For education, Australian residents often use the HECS-HELP loan scheme. This program allows eligible students to defer payment of their university course fees. Repayment is income-contingent, starting only once you earn above a certain amount, making it a unique and flexible way to finance higher education.

Financial Advisory Services

With the many investments, savings and finance options available, personalised advice is invaluable. Consulting with a financial advisor Sydney can clear the fog around complex financial decisions, ensuring your strategy aligns with your long-term goals.

Personal Loans: One Of The Key Financial Terms

Personal Loans: One Of The Key Financial Terms

Personal loans are another feature you should understand, often utilised for larger purchases or consolidating debt. These can be secured against an asset, like a car, or unsecured, which might not require collateral but usually comes with higher interest rates due to the increased risk for the lender. Interest rates and repayment terms vary widely, so it’s important to shop around and find the best deal for your situation.


Amortization of the must-know financial terms that you must understand.  is the mechanism of spreading and distributing all the intangible costs of the assets over the course of its time period. Intangible assets are also nonphysical assets that are necessary to the organization, like trademarks and copyrights.


The assets are generally the items you own which offer future benefits to your business, like inventory, office equipment, and real estate. They are the payments that are outstanding or due to the business enterprise by its consumers. Assets are of different variants; they include the current assets and the fixed assets.

The current assets are the ones that can be converted into cash within one year. The fixed assets, on the other hand, cannot be converted immediately into cash. However, they are tangible items owned by one business entity to generate earnings for the long term.

Allocation Of Assets

The allocation of assets is all about the different ways through which you allocate and invest the resources in different classes.

Firstly, you have the stocks, which is a share of ownership in a public or private business entity. You purchase the shares and receive the dividends and losses, too. Thats simple. Another class of investment is bonds. They are actually a form of borrowing. When you purchase the bonds from the government. It means you are investing money in them.  Finally, you have the cash and the cash equivalents. It refers to any asses that can be liquified when you are in dire need of cash.

The Balance Sheet 

It is a key statement in finance that communicates the book value or worth of the business entity. This balance sheet includes a tally of the organization’s assets, liabilities, and stakeholders’ equity for one given period.

Capital Gains

Capital Gains

This is one of the most common financial terms. Capital gains denote an increase in the value of an asset investment above the price that you paid initially.


To sum up, familiarizing yourself with these financial terms is a step towards financial empowerment. A strong grasp of these concepts equips you with the knowledge to navigate the market confidently, make savvy decisions, and plan for a secure future. Whether it’s consulting a financial advisor in Sydney or choosing the right investment, taking control of your finances is a worthy investment in itself.

Read Also:

© 2019 Issue Magazine Wordpress Theme. All Rights Reserved.

Scroll To Top