What Are Gum Disease And Its Stages?

Gum Disease

Teeth are one of the main parts that play a vital role when you smile. It is essential to have good and healthy teeth to have a beautiful smile. Every small thing that you do for your teeth has a part in having healthy teeth. For instance, if you forget to brush, floss, or rinse, it may build plaque around your teeth.

Gum diseases are called periodontal disease, which begins with bacterial growth in your mouth. Gum disease may also end with tooth loss if not properly treated early. Bleeding is the initial sign that you have got gum disease. Here is some effective information about gum disease and its stages that you need to know about.

What is gum disease?

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is an ailment of the tissues retaining your teeth in place. It is also referred to as a periodontal disease, inflammation caused by bacterial growth in your mouth. Usually, bacteria will grow around your tooth and along the gum line. Some reasons like inadequate oral hygiene allow plaque to build upon the teeth and harden.

If gum disease is not treated on time, it can lead to sore, tender, bleeding gums and even tooth loss. A mild variety of this disease is called gingivitis, where only your gums are infected. The infection can become a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis.

Is gum disease common?

If you are suffering from gum disease, you no need to worry about it since you have effective gum disease treatment in the field. Remember that gum diseases are extremely common in humans. Good oral hygiene plays a vital role in the health of your gums.

Plaque can eventually build up on your teeth and gums when you don’t take good oral care. The plaque can turn into tartar or calculus when it is not removed via proper oral hygiene. Many experts advise that it is essential to visit the dentist every six months.

Stages of gum diseases 

Stages of gum diseases 

With proper oral care and hygiene, you can overcome these gum diseases. The four stages of gum disease are listed below.

Stage 1: Gingivitis 

This is the first stage of gum disease that you might experience at the initial stage. Over time gums may develop plaque on your teeth and irritate. The development of plaque also causes gum inflammation and might notice your gums to bleed during brushing. You may also notice bleeding during brushing or eating something hard, like an apple.

Stage 2: Early periodontitis

In this stage, the slight loss of bone that supports your teeth occurs even though. Though other symptoms may not be easily observed, this symptom can be identified. This stage of gum disease is reversible with proper treatment, care, and enhanced oral hygiene.

Stage 3: Moderate Periodontitis 

More bone and gum tissue is destroyed in this stage, and loosening of teeth happens. The third stage is where utmost care is required to be taken to safeguard the fragile gums.

Stage 4: Advanced periodontitis 

This stage is the advanced and extreme stage of periodontitis. The supporting bones that hold your teeth in place become irreversibly damaged in this stage. Advanced periodontitis might cause loss of other healthy teeth.

Summing it up

With various reasons for gum disease, it can be cured easily when found in the early stage. Ensure to have good oral hygiene to have healthy teeth and regularly visit experts like this dentist in Melbourne so they can examine the condition of gums and teeth.

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